Causes of Cancer and How to Overcome| At the end of reading this article you ‘ll know the Causes of Cancer and how to Overcome them, Cancer is a broad term that describes the disease that occurs when cellular changes cause uncontrolled cell growth and division. Read through.
A cell is told to die so that the body can replace it with a newer, better-functioning cell. Cancerous cells are missing the components that tell them to stop dividing and die. As a result, they accumulate in the body, consuming oxygen and nutrients that would otherwise nourish other cells. Link to 28-Day Body Transformation Program
Cancerous cells can cause tumors, weaken the immune system, and other changes that prevent the body from functioning normally. Cancerous cells may appear in one location and then spread to other locations via lymph nodes. These are immune cell clusters found throughout the body.
According to WHO, the global cancer burden increased in 2018 to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths. One in every five men and one in every six women develop cancer during their lifetime, and one in every eight men and one in every eleven women die from the disease.
There are numerous risk factors that can lead to cancer. In addition to biological, environmental, and occupational risk factors, lifestyle factors play an important role in the development of various types of cancer.
Causes of Cancer:
Lifestyle factors : Many of the factors that may influence our risk of developing cancer are related to our lifestyle and personal choices. This means that we have some control over how much of these factors we are exposed to. The following are some modifiable lifestyle factors that contribute to cancer:
Overweight and obesity: Excess bodyweight is thought to be responsible for 3.6 percent of all new cancers in adults worldwide. Increased body fat has been linked to gallbladder, advanced prostate, and ovarian cancer. There is compelling evidence that abdominal obesity raises the risk of colorectal and endometrial cancer and is a likely cause of pancreatic cancer. Adult obesity has been identified as a possible cause of postmenopausal breast cancer. Maintaining a healthy weight throughout life has obvious health benefits and may have a significant protective effect against cancer.
Physical inactivity: Physical inactivity is thought to be responsible for 135,000 cancer deaths worldwide each year. Physical activity helps to prevent certain cancers while also limiting weight gain, which is a cause of some cancers.
Adults should engage in 150 to 300 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity or 75 to 150 minutes of vigorous intensity physical activity per week, or an equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous activities. For the prevention of unhealthy weight gain and some cancers, 300 minutes of moderate activity / 150 minutes of vigorous activity is required. It is also advised to limit the amount of time spent sitting for extended periods of time and to break up long periods of sitting as often as possible.
Diet: Low fruit and vegetable consumption is estimated to cause 374,000 cancer deaths worldwide each year.
A varied diet of nutritious foods such as vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy products, lean meat, fish, and water is recommended, as is limiting intake of foods high in saturated fat, added salt, and added sugars. The standard dietary guidelines recommend five servings of vegetables and two servings of fruit per day, with a weekly limit of 455 g of lean meat, or up to 65 g per day.
Tobacco: Tobacco use is identified by WHO as the single greatest avoidable risk factor for cancer mortality worldwide, causing up to 1.5 million cancer deaths each year. Tobacco smoke has an impact on the general population due to second-hand tobacco smoke exposure. There is also the risk of secondhand smoke. It is nicotine and other chemicals in tobacco that cling to clothing, furniture, drapes, walls, bedding, carpets, dust, vehicles, and other surfaces long after smoking has stopped. People are exposed to these chemicals through contact with contaminated surfaces or inhaling off-gassing from these surfaces.
Quitting smoking lowers the risk of developing lung and other major cancers. After five years, the risk of developing mouth, throat, esophageal, and bladder cancer is cut in half, and the risk of dying from lung cancer is cut in half after ten years.
Quitting smoking can also lead to short and long-term health benefits, such as lower heart rate and blood pressure, improved circulation and lung function, and a lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. According to the WHO, people of all ages who have already developed smoking-related health problems can benefit from quitting smoking.
Alcohol: The World Health Organization estimates that excessive alcohol consumption causes 351,000 cancer deaths worldwide each year. The increased risk of cancer begins at a low level and increases as alcohol consumption increases. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption interact synergistically to increase the incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancers. In general, it is safe to limit alcohol consumption to no more than two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women.
UV radiations: According to the WHO, there were 65,000 melanoma-related deaths worldwide in 2000. UV-emitting tanning devices (solaria) are strongly linked to melanoma of the skin and eye, as well as squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Solaria use before the age of 30 is associated with an increased risk of melanoma. A shift in attitude is required to reduce UV exposure and promote the use of sunscreen and protective clothing.
Infections: Infections are responsible for an estimated 16.1 percent of new cancers worldwide. However, estimates differ greatly across regions. Human papillomavirus, helicobacter pylori, and hepatitis B and C viruses have been identified as the primary infectious agents, accounting for 6.1 percent, 5.4 percent, and 4.3 percent of all cancer cases, respectively, according to the World Cancer Report 2008. They are responsible for 1.9 million cancer cases worldwide.
As a result, taking appropriate preventive measures will go a long way toward preventing the development of many cancers.
The bottom line: Worldwide, incidences of all types of cancer have been steadily increasing, which can be attributed to a variety of risk factors. Our lifestyle, more than any other risk factor, is to blame for the development of many types of cancer. It is important to understand that the majority of our lifestyle factors are modifiable. Many cancers can be prevented by appropriately modifying them